Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
IVF and Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) are the two most popular assisted reproductive technologies used for successful fertilisation. The only difference between the two is the way the egg is fertilised. lVF allows the sperm to penetrate the egg of its own accord where as ICSI directly inserts the sperm into the egg. This is done under a microscope by qualified Embryologist using very fine tools (known as micromanipulation). The technique is used when the sperm is unable to penetrate the egg wall. If the egg is fertilised, the embryo is inserted into the uterus in the same way as for IVF.
When ICSI is used?
ICSI is usually Offered to couples who have had poor or no fertilisation during standard IVf but is mainly used to overcome male infertility. It was first used in 1992 to those who have severe male infertility which includes:
- Poor sperm morphology (Abnormally Shaped Sperm)
- Poor sperm motility (slow moving sperm )
- A low Sperm Count
- An Obstruction which prevent sperm release such as vasectomy )
- Antisperm antibodies (ant, bodies produced by the man’s body which may inhibit sperm function)
The stages of ICSI
Following are the stages of ICSI
- Ovarian Simulation and Monitoring
- Egg (oocyte) retrieval [Egg Pick Up]
- Embryo Development
- Embryo Transfer
Often with in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracy to plasmic sperm injection (ICS) treatment, people have good quality embryos leftover which they can’t use. Instead of discarding them, they have the option to freeze them to use in the future referred as embryo cryopreservation, it will help you to save the cost in future.
If you are on medical treatment that would damage your fertility, such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy, or you have a progressive condition that could affect your fertility in the future. We have the option for freezing Sperms, Oocyte and Embryos.